Fiqha (Arabic: فقه‎)

Fiqha (Arabic: فقه‎)

Fiqha (Arabic: فقه‎)

Fiqh is an Arabic word which means The Islamic Jurisprudence. Fiqha contains all basic guidelines, core legislative rules and regulations for Muslims. In other words, it is a Board of Authority for selection of Sharia Law strictly in compliance to Hadith (sayings of Prophet Muhammad PBUH) and Quran (sayings of Almighty Allah-God). It is meant to be used by the Islamic Scholars, Clerics or Ulema to assist & guide the Muslims to spend their lives according to Islam while adhering to the Sharia Law, the Law of Justice. Fiqha is a segment of Islamic Law which offers with the acts of Muslims that consists of worships as well as each day movements and actions in each and every department of life.

In Islam there are 4 principal Schools of Thoughts, which are being followed in the World over and are applied with the aim to bring justice to the mankind under Authority of the Teachings on the footsteps of Holy Messenger of God, Muhammad (PBUH).These Schools of Thoughts are authentic and not different in anyways in the Fundamental Beliefs, however, it can be said that each one has a different approach and perspective in understanding the spirit of Islam.

These are:

•      Hanafi  –  followers of Imam Abu Hanifa

•      Maaliki  –  followers of Imam Maalik

•      Shafe’i  –  followers of Imam Shae’i

•      Hanbali –  followers of Imam Ahmad Hanbal

Islamic Jurisprudence or Fiqha illustrates Islamic Law at one side for example, the Acts of Worships after Shahada which includes the Prayer, Zakat, Fasting, Hajj and Purification as a few while on the other side it covers all departments of life dealing with each materialistic issue and provide solution.

Comprehension of Fiqha or Islamic Jurisprudence is extremely important because one cannot gain an overview of any issue until he has understood its particulars and spirit. The understanding about the Principles of Islamic jurisprudence is also required so that one can understand the methodology of legal derivation and interpretation of standard Rules and Regulations.

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